Interventional and Surgical Cardiovascular Procedure Volumes

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a variety of acute and chronic medical conditions associated with an inability of the cardiovascular system to sustain an adequate blood flow and supply of oxygen and nutrients to organs and tissues of the body. The CVD conditions may be manifested by the obstruction or deformation of arterial and venous pathways, distortion in the electrical conducting and pacing activity of the heart, and impaired pumping function of the heart muscle, or some combination of circulatory, cardiac rhythm, and myocardial disorders.

These diseases are treated via the following surgical and interventional procedures:

  • Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery;
  • Coronary angioplasty and stenting;
  • Lower extremity arterial bypass surgery;
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with and without bare metal and drug-eluting stenting;
  • Peripheral drug-coated balloon angioplasty;
  • Peripheral atherectomy;
  • Surgical and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair;
  • Vena cava filter placement
  • Endovenous ablation;
  • Mechanical venous thrombectomy;
  • Venous angioplasty and stenting;
  • Carotid endarterectomy;
  • Carotid artery stenting;
  • Cerebral thrombectomy;
  • Cerebral aneurysm and AVM surgical clipping;
  • Cerebral aneurysm and AVM coiling & flow diversion;
  • Left Atrial Appendage closure;
  • Heart valve repair and replacement surgery;
  • Transcatheter valve repair and replacement;
  • Congenital heart defect repair;
  • Percutaneous and surgical placement of temporary and permanent mechanical cardiac support devices;
  • Pacemaker implantation;
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement;
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy device placement;
  • Standard SVT & VT ablation; and
  • Transcatheter AFib ablation

In 2016, the cumulative worldwide volume of these procedures is projected to approach 15.05 million surgical and transcatheter interventions. This will include:

  • roughly 4.73 million coronary revascularization procedures via CABG and PCI (or about 31.4% of the total),
  • close to 4 million percutaneous and surgical peripheral artery revascularization procedures (or 26.5% of the total);
  • about 2.12 million cardiac rhythm management procedures via implantable pulse generator placement and arrhythmia ablation (or 14.1% of the total);
  • over 1.65 million CVI, DVT, and PE targeting venous interventions (representing 11.0% of the total);
  • more than 992 thousand surgical and transcatheter heart defect repairs and valvular interventions (or 6.6% of the total);
  • close to 931 thousand acute stroke prophylaxis and treatment procedures (contributing 6.2% of the total);
  • over 374 thousand abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm endovascular and surgical repairs (or 2.5% of the total); and
  • almost 254 thousand placements of temporary and permanent mechanical cardiac support devices in bridge to recovery, bridge to transplant, and destination therapy indications (accounting for about 1.7% of total procedure volume).

Below is illustrated the overall global growth for each of the major categories of procedures through 2022.

Source: MedMarket Diligence, LLC; Report #C500.  (Full report available online.)

There is considerable variation in the growth of cardiovascular procedures globally, but most growth is coming out of Asia/Pacific. For example, within the area of venous interventions, the growth in the use of endovenous ablation for chronic venous insufficiency is markedly higher in Asia/Pacific than in other regions, though the U.S. will remain the largest volume of these procedures.

Source: MedMarket Diligence, LLC; Report #C500.  (Full report available online.)


“Global Dynamics of Surgical and Interventional Cardiovascular Procedures, 2015-2022” (Report #C500), published August 2016. See description, table of contents, list of exhibits at link. Available for purchase and download from link.

Wound Hemostasis, Closure, and Sealing in the U.S. versus Asia/Pacific, 2015-2022

Sales of sealants, glues, and hemostats projected to 2022 for the U.S. and Asia/Pacific. While these products have had tremendous success in Japan, their sales in the rest of Asia/Pacific have not yet caught up to Japan, let alone to the U.S.

But that is expected to change as the most significant growth in these markets will indeed be coming from China, Korea, Australia, India, and elsewhere in these emerging markets.

Sales of Sealants, Glues, and Hemostats in the
U.S. and Asia/Pacific Markets, 2015-2022

Note: For direct comparative purposes, sales in these markets are shown on the same vertical scale.

Source: MedMarket Diligence, LLC; Report #S290. Available for purchase/download online.

Growth of Lower Extremity Angioplasty with Drug-Coated Balloons

The rationale for the development of drug-coated angioplasty balloons (DCBs) derives mainly from the limitations of drug-eluting stents (DES). Nonstent-based localized drug delivery using a DCB maintains the antiproliferative properties of a DES, but without the immunogenic and hemodynamic drawbacks of a permanently implanted endovascular device. Moreover, DCBs may be used in subsets of lesions where DES cannot be delivered or where DES do not perform well. Examples include torturous vessels, small vessels or long diffuse calcified lesions, which can result in stent fracture; when scaffolding obstructs major side branches; or in bifurcated lesions.

Additional potential advantages of DCBs include:

  • homogenous drug transfer to the entire vessel wall;
  • rapid release of high concentrations of drug sustained in vessel wall no longer than a week, with little impact on long-term healing;
  • absence of polymer, which reduces the risk of chronic inflammation and late thrombosis;
  • absence of a stent, preserving the artery’s original anatomy, very important in bifurcations or small vessels to diminish abnormal flow patterns; and
  • avoided need for lengthy antiplatelet therapy.

Currently, paclitaxel is primarily used by DCB manufacturers. Its high lipophilic property allows for passive absorption through the cell membrane and sustained effect within the treated vessel wall.

Below we illustrate the rise of drug-coated balloons for peripheral angioplasty procedures in lower extremities.

Screen Shot 2016-09-06 at 3.11.12 PM

Source: Report #C500.

 

The usage of peripheral DCB in clinical practices can be expected to experience explosive growth in superficial femoral artery and femoro-popliteal below-the-knee indications to over half a million procedures annually by the year 2022. Anticipated rapid adoption of peripheral DCB technologies in the U.S. and major Asia-Pacific States (especially in China and India accounting for 95% of the covered region’s population) should work as a primary locomotive of growth of projected global procedural expansion.
IMG_2631

Source: Report #C500.