The use of fibrin and other hemostats expanded rapidly in the 1980s in Japan, driven by the strong cultural desire to avoid the need for blood transfusions. In addition, regulatory barriers to launching homologous pooled plasma-derived products in Europe were not as stringent as those imposed by the U.S. FDA in the late 1980s and 1990s. As a result, the scientific literature from Asia and Europe records many novel and experimental uses for sealant and hemostasis products across all surgical disciplines from ENT to major open heart surgery.
In addition to commercial sources of sealant products, surgical centers in all regions of the world also prepare autologous fibrin for surgical procedures in efforts to save on commercial product costs and to avoid potential for product-borne infection. Delays to the introduction of fibrin-based products in the United States led to a pent-up unmet need, which was addressed in the 1990s by the preparation of autologous fibrin in medical centers prior to surgical operations.
Historically, closure of surgical incisions has been achieved through an ever-evolving portfolio of suture, staple and tape products. In the early 1990s, physicians involved in sports medicine were the first non-military practitioners to adopt cyanoacrylate glues to achieve immediate closure of small cuts and lacerations, and an awareness of this opportunity developed in large multinational manufacturers of sutures and staples. Joint development efforts were commenced at Davis and Geck/U.S. Surgical (now Covidien), and Ethicon (subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson), and in a number of companies manufacturing cyanoacrylates, which ultimately resulted in topical cyanoacrylate closure products being launched around the world during the 1990s.
Post-operative adhesion prevention evolved as a market in the early 1990s and expanded with the addition of new entrant products from Genzyme (including Focal), and others. Lifecore and Ethicon have developed a surgical adhesion prevention product based on hyaluronic acid. Angiotech, Fidia, Fziomed and Tissuemed all have adhesion-prevention products that are CE approved in the European Union.
Source: MedMarket Diligence, LLC; Report #S175, "Worldwide Surgical Sealants, Glues & Wound Closure, 2009-2013."