Spine surgery technologies are many, driven by many factors.
- Diseases, disorders and trauma of the spine are many — and growing in prevalence with an active senior population.
- Conditions of the spine can severely limit the quality of life creating significant demand.
- Spine and orthopedic surgeons, as well as the device manufacturers, have established strong precedents in reimbursement that support many new technology developments, from incremental to major advances.
- Advances in different technologies and surgical techniques have further accelerated technology development, such as minimally invasive approaches to spine surgery, advances in materials technologies that have led to artificial discs and other developments
Considering only the first factor, above, there are large populations of prospective patients with the many possible spine problems: congenital disorders of the spine, inflammatory and infectious diseases of the spine, degenerative diseases of the spine, spine trauma, tumors of the spine and mechanical disorders of the spine. Each of these has multiple categories within them.
For example, mechanical disorders of the spine refer to conditions caused by, resulting from, or relating to physical as opposed to biological or chemical processes or change and there are many types. The following table presents six commonly diagnosed mechanical disorders of the spine.
Mechanical Disorders of the Spine